Sunday, March 13, 2011

Sti Logi

IS U(N)/PLU MORE OF A DEFINITE OR INDEFINITE ARTICLE?


Short answer: Read the short answer above.

Long answer:

Apply some logic to the question: U(N) refers to one thing; PLU refers to a more UNDEFINED quantity of things. U(N), therefore, is a little more definite than PLU. But neither exactly fits the English pattern of definite or indefinite articles.

As I explained above, every language has different ways of expressing definiteness. If you're afraid someone might misunderstand what you're saying in Glosa, consider using one of the following clarifiers:

--------------------
MORE DEFINITE
--------------------

panto-ci panto-la

holo panto

mi tu an fe id na vi mu

u-ci plu-ci u-la plu-la

zero (nuli) mo(no) bi tri tetra...

u(n)
--------------------
plu

(Nothing)

uno u/plu certa

ali

--------------------
LESS DEFINITE
--------------------

All of the above words may be preceded or followed by U(N)/PLU since they do refer to nouns, or they may take the place of U(N)/PLU. The speaker's own language habits will probably determine this.

PANTO and HOLO are very inclusive words, leaving little doubt about what quantity is specified, even though no specific number is mentioned. They can be combined with -CI or -LA, making them even more specific to an object or group. It is also possible to say "PANTO PLU-CI HOMI," "all these people."

Possessive adjectives (MY, YOUR, HIS, HER, OUR, THEIR, ITS) do not specify number, but qualify to whom the things belong.

U-LA "that," PLU-LA "those," U-CI "this," and PLU-CI "these" are all more specific than U(N)/PLU. Since Glosa does not have a true definite article, you may want to use these somtimes in place of the English word THE.

Using a specific number can help to qualify things. Numbers can be combined with -CI and -LA to make them more specific. BI-CI and BI-LA have the same meaning "both." TRI-CI could mean "these three" or "this trio."

UNO and CERTA state that a certain thing does definitely exist, but you do not give its identity.

ALI is the most abstract of the above words. It could refer to any thing at any time.

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